Creativity is a complex field of study, giving rise to different views. The difference lies in how creativity is defined. Creativity is defined according to the defining emphasis and depends on the underlying theoretical basis.
Campbel, (Triguno, 2001: 12) in his 1986 “Take The Road to Creativity and Get Off Your Dead End” book, states that creativity is an activity that produces results with the characteristics of: a. Innovative, unprecedented, fresh, exciting, strange, surprising and breakthrough; b. Useful, better, better, more practical, simplify, accelerate, encourage, develop, educate, solve problems, reduce, obstacles, overcome difficulties, bring in better results / lot; c. Understandably, the same results can be made over time.
Evan, J.R. (Triguno 2001: 12). Creativity is a skill for determining new relationships, viewing subjects from a new perspective, and forming new combinations of two or more concepts that have been imprinted in the mind.
According to Parnes (1972: 12), creative ability can be awakened through the problems that trigger the following five creative:
1) Fluency (smoothness), namely the ability to propose ideas to solve problems.
2) Flexibility, the ability to generate ideas to solve a problem outside the usual category.
3) Originality (authenticity), the ability to provide a unique or extraordinary response.
4) Elaboration (detail), ie the ability to declare the direction of the idea in detail to bring the idea into reality.
5) Sensitivity, ie sensitivity to catch and produce problems in response to a situation.
Chaplin (1997: 17), a complete dictionary of psychology mentions creativity (creativity) is the ability to generate new forms in solving problems with new methods.
Hurlock, B (1978: 326), says “Creativity is the capacity of persons to produce compositions, products or ideas of any sort which are essentially new or novel, and previously unknown to the producer. It can be imaginative activity, or thought synthesis. Where the product is not only the past, but also the inverse the forming of new patterns and combinations of information, and the transplanting of old relationships to new situations and amay involve the generation of new correlates. It must be purposeful or goal directed, not idle fantasy – although it need not have immediate practical application or be a perfect and complete product. It may take the form of an artistic, literary, or scientific production or may be of procedural or methodological nature. ”
Creativity is the ability of a person to produce any composition, product, or idea that is essentially new, and previously unknown to the author. It can be an imaginative activity or a synthesis of thought that results not merely summarize. It may include the formation of new patterns and a combination of information gained from previous experience and transplanting of old relationships to new situations and possibly formation of new correlations. It must have a determined purpose or purpose, not a mere fantasy, although it is a perfect and complete result. It may be in the form of art products, literature, scientific products, or may be procedural or methodological