teachers play an important role in teaching and learning. The success of the teaching and learning process is the achievement of the learning objective, which is “Delivering the students to lead to changes in behavioral change, both intellectual, emotional and psychomotor so that students can be independent as individual beings and social beings” (Winataputra, 1997: 6.3).
Isbani (1985: 23) argues that “Learning can be successful if there is a purpose that means for the individual”. The impact of teachers need methods and learning media for the learning process is successful or learning objectives are achieved.
Surya (1988: 3) states the teacher’s duty is:
The professional task, always facing challenges if you want to make a creative, dynamic, critical and scientific educator, before he or she determines the instructional objectives that match the level of the student’s abilities, what abilities are developed, compose teaching and learning activities, correct.
The use of learning media in teaching and learning process in students, especially for students in high school who are not able to think in abstract is important and useful.
Learning media which is one component of the teaching and learning process in addition to teachers and students, also includes means of tools that can provide visual experience to students, can clarify abstract concepts, encourage learning motivation, and enhance student absorption.
Sadiman (1983: 7), states:
Learning media is anything that can be used to convey messages from the carrier to the recipient, so as to stimulate the students’ thoughts, feelings, interests, and attention in such a way that the learning process takes place.
Other experts pointed out: “Media can engage English to motivate, to attract attention, to enhance processes, to judge, to think, to reaction (response) and to test transfer power” (Isbani 1986: 46).
Learning media in teaching and learning process of English language study is very important to help the concept of understanding of children on learning materials motivate the interest and attention of children, as well as help the task of teachers convey information learning to be efficient. Ichrom and Sholeh argue that “The teaching medium teaches the field of English study serves as a tool of understanding through what it sees” (Ichrom and Sholeh, 1986: 44).
Learning media can be divided into “visual media, audio media, and audio visual media” (Winataputra et al, 1977: 5.10). From some of these media in schools often use visual media / graphics / media images also called two-dimensional media.
“Graphical media / images are media that combine the facts of the facts clearly and strongly through a single expression of the words images” (Isbani and Sardjono, 1986: 3), because graphics media / images have advantages such as easy to manufacture, easy to obtain, requires time and energy and can overcome space constraints. According to Isbani and Sardjono (1986: 30) “Graphic media has the advantage of simple, cheap, easy to use specific goals and easily stored.”
The expert points out:
Much research on the effectiveness of still images for learning, whether projected or drawing, print studies of visual reading ability. Designing a media should take into account the characteristics or characteristics of the target / recipient of the message (age, background, socio-cultural, educational, bodily disablement and so on) and this may affect the onset of teaching and learning activities (Miarso 1986: 25).
Children in high school who also include mental defect children use instructional media planned according to learning materials teaching English language studies that have characteristics that different individuals will help children understand concrete thinking and determine learning outcomes, for that the need for various media as a learning facility . This is because children in high school have intellectual ability / intelligence below average. To clarify the notion of a child in high school, the researcher suggests that Juwono’s expert opinion that a child in high school or mental disability is “a state where there is no normal, normal and normal mental development resulting in intellectual disability, adjustment and so on “(Juwono, 1981: 5)